21 Nov 2017 19:40pm
WINDHOEK, 21 NOV (NAMPA) Shacks made up approximately 40 per cent of all households in urban areas, according to the 2016 Namibia Intercensal Demographics Survey (NIDS) Report.
The report, which is the first of its kind to be released by the Namibia Statistics Agency (NSA), was availed by Statistician-General Alex Shimuafeni in the capital on Tuesday.
Intercensal surveys are conducted between censuses. The last Population and Housing Census was in 2011 and the next one will be 2021.
The report said there was a decline in modern houses or detached and semi-detached housing, and that an increase in the improvised housing units, known as shacks, was recorded.
It added that shacks, in contrast to the urban areas, made up 10,6 per cent of houses in rural areas.
Modern houses, apartments or flats were mostly found in urban areas, where they account for 52.1 per cent of the households.
Traditional houses are mostly common in rural areas, where they account for 68,8 per cent of the households.
At regional level, the report indicated that traditional dwellings were most common in the northern regions where they accounted for over 80 per cent of the households in Omusati and Ohangwena, and over 70 per cent of the households in Kavango West and Zambezi regions.
Detached/semi-detached and shacks were predominantly found in the most urbanised regions such as Omaheke, Otjozondjupa, //Kharas, Hardap, Erongo and Khomas.
On the tenure status, the report noted that the most frequent forms are tenancy, in which rent is paid to a landlord and owner occupancy which can be subdivided into owner-occupier without mortgage or owner-occupier with mortgage.
In the case of tenancy, the landlord can be a private individual, non-profit organisation such as a housing association or a government body which provides public housing, it explained.
It said 50,8 per cent of the households were owner occupied without mortgage, and were mostly common in rural areas where they made up 66,4 per cent of the rural households compared to the urban areas with 38,2 per cent.