By Xola Potelwa, Bloomberg Business. Photo: Wikipedia Commons
The rand fell for a third day to near a record against the dollar and bonds tumbled, sending yields to their highest levels since February 2014, after Fitch Ratings cut South Africa’s credit rating and Standard & Poor’s lowered its outlook on the country’s debt.
The rand declined as much as 0.7 percent before paring losses, weakening with most major and emerging-market currencies as the greenback rose on speculation a strengthening U.S. economy will boost the pace at which the Federal Reserve increases interest rates.
Fitch cut South Africa’s credit rating one level on Friday to BBB-, the lowest investment grade, and in line with the assessment of S&P’s, which lowered its outlook to negative from stable. The country’s growth potential has deteriorated further, with a power shortage likely to constrain an expansion for the next two years, Fitch said, which also cited the government’s decision not to tighten fiscal policy in the face of weakening revenue and rising debt levels. Flexibility around the budget might reduce because of risks associated with funding needs of state-owned companies, S&P said.
“The rating agencies’ concerns are certainly valid, with the glacial pace of structural reform digging the hole that the economy finds itself in ever-deeper,” said Bart Stemmet, an analyst at NKC African Economics, based in Paarl, near Cape Town. “Brave leadership is needed to drive the deep structural reforms needed to put the South African economy back on track, but one wonders whether the specter of being rated junk would be enough to spark such a drive.”
The currency of Africa’s most-industrialized economy, which dropped to an all-time low of 14.4930 per dollar on Dec. 1, weakened to 14.4721, before paring losses to 14.4641 as of 12:42 p.m. in Johannesburg. Yields on government rand-denominated debt due December 2026 climbed for a ninth day, rising 6 basis points to 8.72 percent.
The rand may see more weakness during the week, according to Annabel Bishop, chief economist at Johannesburg-based Investec. S&P’s outlook change was “less expected,” while the Fitch ratings cut was “mostly priced into the markets,” she said.